Confusion may arise over whether a terrorist group has a religious agenda, a political agenda, or both. Religious conflict has a long history and it characterizes several groups today. At the same time, religious conflict may be used as a front for a hidden political agenda. Conflict occurs when something is contested. When we couple religion with conflict, we might expect that what is contested is ideology or morality (i.e., belief) Religious conflict is a complex phenomenon that engages a combination of contested domains(ideology/morality, power, personality, space/place, and group identity), in turn enabled by a range of other conditions (political, social, economic, cultural and psychological) – gains further clarity when we turn to consider what religious conflict is not.