Government Accountability & Transparency/ Corruption (22.7%)

Countries with high levels of corruption, or which lack effective rule of law or accountability in government are more susceptible to conflict and social unrest that than other developing countries. The persistence of corruption adversely impacts the delivery of health, education and other social benefits, and is a contributing factor to the persistence of poverty and other inequalities.

The process of governing is most legitimate when it incorporates democratic principles such as transparency, pluralism, citizen involvement in decision-making, representation, and accountability. Civil society, the media, and the private sector, have roles and responsibilities in addition to those of the government.

The rule of law is also an essential element of democracy. All of the following depend upon accountable governments, fair and accessible application of the law, and respect for international human-rights standards:

      • Free and fair political and justice systems
      • Protection of human rights
      • Vibrant civil society
      • Public confidence in the police and the courts
      • Security Sector Reform

Governance programs include efforts to promote

      • Anti-corruption Reform
      • Legislative Strengthening
      • Decentralization
      • Public Management and Policy Reform
      • Security Sector Reform

Rule of Law programs focus on three goals

      1. Increasing Democratic Legal Authority
      2. Guaranteeing Rights and the Democratic Process
      3. Providing Justice as a Service