Food & Water Security (18.2%)

Water is key to food security. Crops and livestock need water to grow. Agriculture requires large quantities of water for irrigation and of good quality for various production processes. While feeding the world and producing a diverse range of non-food crops such as cotton, rubber and industrial oils in an increasingly productive way, agriculture also confirmed its position as the biggest user of water on the globe. Irrigation now claims close to 70 percent of all freshwater appropriated for human use. Hunger is a familiar physical feeling, but can be difficult to measure in a large population. Food insecurity offers an accepted method for measuring food deprivation. The USDA defines food insecurity as a state in which “consistent access to adequate food is limited by a lack of money and other resources at times during the year.” By contrast, food security can be defined as all people at all times having access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life. Typically, food security encompasses both physical and economic access to food that meets people’s dietary needs as well as their food preferences.

Remedies

remedies
Improve the value chain

From production, post-harvest handling, processing, retailing, consumption to distribution and trade, efficient water and food recycling

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remedies
Produce more nutritious food with less water

Innovative technologies are required to ensure a greener and more sustainable food production.

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remedies
Focus on human capacities and institutional framework

Agricultural development in the least developing countries (LDCs) lies mainly in the hands of smallholders,

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